Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them.

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Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. Hill 7/1/05 9:27 AM
NOTE: As mentioned by PriceCollins here, during a change from one version to another of Google Earth, something scrambled the kmz and left many placemarks in the wrong location. Recently lmctke produced not only a working kmz, but one much better than the original. I have deleted the old damaged folder from its position at the bottom of this post. Instead, go to this post and download the new improved version. Thanks lmctke smile


From the first nuclear bomb test in New Mexico in 1945, through the most recent "exchange" between Pakistan and India and North Korea's attempt, there have been over 2000 confirmed nuclear explosions around the globe. This post is designed to link the other posts for each country, and any related material, together for easier reference. The attachment includes accurate to questionable locations of all 2000+. The folder also includes the locations of the two weapons dropped on Japan, which are not considered to be tests, but are nuclear detonations.

Trinity - the first nuclear test July 16, 1945.

***** Trivia - NUCLEAR - It's pronounced nuc-le-ur, not nu-cu-lur. *****

Individual country posts with links and pictures.

U. S. tests and weapons
Soviet tests
U. K. tests
French tests
Chinese tests
Indian tests
Pakistani tests
The mystery test

Interested in how much damage that nuke would have done to your favorite city? Try this.
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Searchable online database, generates KML files TJ1 10/6/05 8:12 AM
I think we're working on the same lines here. I've written a searchable database containing every test & explosion from authoritative sources.

It will output the results of any search as KML or CSV.

If anyone wants to help ensure its accurate and up to date, I can give you update rights.

http://nukes.tjworld.org

I was wondering about some additions, but not sure how much use people will make of it.

1. Store links to online photos and documents related to specfic explosions
2. Allow users to add their own comments and reports as "commentary"

Other ideas welcome.

TJ.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. elscint 10/12/05 1:15 PM
The mystery site test was joint Israeli/South African operation. In the late 1980's South Africa had six atomic warheads of kiloton size.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. philverney 4/1/06 2:25 PM
Hill, here's a boundary map of the Nevada Test Site I've put together. I think mine matches up quite well with the one provided by the government website

Enjoy!
Cheers,
Phil, UK

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Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. beamish 4/12/06 1:56 AM
How about this one? Is it a test site too (underground?)? It is in the center of the Taklamakan desert. The orange spot has a diameter of 400 meters.

beamish

duplicate placemark removed from 38.95845,83.65765
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Anonymous 4/12/06 8:53 AM
Great post

some add info about
The purpose of Trinity Atomic Web Site is to tell the story of nuclear weapons through historical documents, photos, and videos. In the spirit of Project Gutenberg, the intent is to create an online archive from the large body of U.S. government information about nuclear weapons.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 4/12/06 12:42 PM
The Chinese tests have all been about 300 miles (500 km) ENE of you placemark. LINK
If you use the Layers box - Google Earth Community (unranked) - you will see two other placemarks already there. Please respond to existing posts when possible rather than creating new placemarks. That will bring the thread to the top of the post pages and expose it to more people who just may have an answer.
one more ... eefil 4/25/06 6:51 PM
41.722602° N 88.736184° E.


from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lop_Nur
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. deepred 7/26/06 11:23 AM
Hi Hill

I can see that you have posted a placemark for the first H-bomb Ivy Mike in the location 11-14-15N 162-11-45E. I have a correction to that one: Ivy Mike was detonated in the northern part of Enewetak atoll where the small island of Elugelab was totally whiped out. The resulting crater is visible in the location 11-40-00N 162-11-22E and although there is a low-resolution stripe it is possible to see the eastern-most tip of Bogon where the detection station for the test was placed.

Another interesting nuclear location is the "Cactus Dome" on Runit island in location 11-33-09N 162-20-50E, where the crater from the May 5, 1958 Cactus Test was filled by radioactive debris and covered by a concrete dome in 1977 to 1980.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 7/26/06 12:51 PM
Thanks for the more precise location. Resolution has improved tremendously since the original post was made. I've made placemarks from your information and added them as attachments above. Some day in the not-too-distant future I hope to get back to that post and re-check all 2000+ placemarks for currert accuracy. Until that time your helpful information will be in the thread for others to easily see.
Re: one more ... Hill 7/26/06 1:11 PM
There are some good collapse craters due to underground testing now visible about 1 km North of your placemark. Improved resolution now makes the area high resolution.
North Korean test - and now there are eight. Hill 10/8/06 11:36 PM
It is extremely probable, though at this time not positively verified, that North Korea has detonated a nuclear device, as they have been threatening to do. Attached is an overlay showing the location of a tremor of around magnitude 4.2 which probably was produced by a test.

There is already a thread started about the test site HERE. All of the placemarks in the thread fall within the area of the tremor.

HERE is the article from the New York Times which is the source of the overlay.

Here it is as located by the USGS. (41.294°N, 129.134°E)
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. goodalle 10/17/06 4:57 PM
I too was going to comment on the apparent missing or incorrect placement of chinese nuclear tests, at least as using some non-KML infromation on the web.
The wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lop_Nur
gives coordinates for some Chinese nuclear tests at Lop Nur down to the millionth of a degree --> 41.722602° N 88.736184° E.

A look at that location in google earth shows a black scar on the brown rock very similar to the melt zones in the Nevada Test Range nuclear test craters. There are ruined buildings in the area too. Also, there are a number of rounded structures about 50-80 M which may be subsidence craters from later underground tests. Other features in the area are appear to be bore holes and waste from bore holes.
Tsar Bomb, biggest nuke in history Schandlers 10/25/06 1:26 AM
Here is the exactly ubication (in 3D) of the explosion of "Ivan", the Tsar Bomb; that is the most powerful explotion made by mankind in the history. It have a link to some videos of that explotion.

Look at the destruction of terrain!!
Re: "Taiga" experiment (exact location) EugeneF 12/21/06 12:43 PM
Here the exact visible location of Soviet "Taiga" experiment - excavational blast of the 3x15 kT charges. It was a part of the uncompleated "Siberian rivers turning" project.


http://www.kp.ru/daily/23793/58757/
Re: "Kristall" blast EugeneF 12/27/06 12:18 PM
Exact location of the excavation nuclear blast "Kristall".
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. CBISME 1/17/07 10:10 PM
You're "Apple 2 and Charlie" test spots are incorrectly placed. I grew up in Pahrump which is the town nine miles to the northeast and there was never a test in these spots which is actually in California. You've missed the spot by 65 miles south of where they actually occured. Look around Mercury, Nevada.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 1/17/07 10:55 PM
Yes, the database used for the original post does have errors.
Quote:

The attachment includes accurate to questionable locations of all 2000+.



I appreciate information which makes the placemarks more accurate and I will edit that information into the post as I receive it. Thanks.
_________________________
Click the images to view two important videos about our only home.
A Pale Blue Dot HOME

“Only when the last tree has died, the last river has been poisoned, and the last fish has been caught will we realize we cannot eat money.” Cree Proverb

My avatar Mr. Raven posed for me at the Tower of London.
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Sluvik 1/24/07 9:18 PM
Amazing, shocking and educational...

I wonder if there is still radiation in that places. I would (think I'm a pervert) be happy to go and see the craters...

Seems like Little Boy and Fatman were tests?
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Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. EugeneF 1/25/07 10:06 AM
Yes, there is some residual radiation at that places. Dangerous but usually not deadly. So it is possible to walk there but not for long time. And of cource, with Geiger counter.

http://www.poligon.kz/radiology.shtml
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. napalme 1/28/07 3:41 AM
Here are the photos of the Crystal underground nuclear explosion.

http://www.newpk.ru/index.php?action=read&AId=62
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 3/6/07 10:20 PM
Quote:

Seems like Little Boy and Fatman were tests?



No, they are considered weapons, the only two nuclear explosions that are designated a such.
Quote:

The first nuclear bomb, nicknamed " the Gadget", was detonated at Trinity Site at the Alamogordo Bombing Range (now renamed The White Sands Missile Range) On July 16, 1945, a false dawn lit the dark desert sky in south central New Mexico and the age of nuclear weapons was born. The next two atomic bombs were not considered tests, but weapons, because they obliterated the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing about 350,000 people as an immediate result of the blasts, and brought an abrupt end to World War II.


Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Rev_Will 4/20/07 10:45 AM
Hill,

I am a little disconcerted with the location showing for Apple2 and Charlie tests in 1955 and 1952. close but no bananas - my hometown of Pahrump here would have been completely destroyed.

If you have time I can give you the near exact coordinates at the Nevada Test site - I was employed there many years.

Will
Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Will_Pittenger 4/23/07 4:57 PM
Is there an overlay for the Trinity site?
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Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 6/5/07 7:23 PM
Sorry about Pahrump!!! You and Art Bell and thousands of others. Oh, the humanity....
As the original post says:
Quote:

The attachment includes accurate to questionable locations of all 2000+.



Someday I'll get back to the folder and readjust the placemarks.
Thanks. the information would be helpful.
_________________________
Click the images to view two important videos about our only home.
A Pale Blue Dot HOME

“Only when the last tree has died, the last river has been poisoned, and the last fish has been caught will we realize we cannot eat money.” Cree Proverb

My avatar Mr. Raven posed for me at the Tower of London.
Re: Nuclear test sites - Gabon PriceCollins 9/3/07 4:01 AM
Unless Gabon has become amazingly active, some database work is needed at 0 N 9 E.

Re: Nuclear test sites - all 2000+ of them. Hill 9/6/07 11:02 PM
>From http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showthreaded.php/Cat/0/Number/769139/page//vc/1
Quote:
Seems like Little Boy and Fatman were tests?


From http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showflat.php/Cat/0/Number/32674/an//page/1/vc/1
Quote:
The first nuclear bomb, nicknamed " the Gadget", was detonated at Trinity Site at the Alamogordo Bombing Range (now renamed The White Sands Missile Range) On July 16, 1945, a false dawn lit the dark desert sky in south central New Mexico and the age of nuclear weapons was born. The next two atomic bombs were not considered tests, but weapons, because they obliterated the Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing about 350,000 people as an immediate result of the blasts, and brought an abrupt end to World War II. Five more tests took place prior to 1950 in the Pacific Test Range on and near Bikini and Enewetak Islands, two of the Marshall Islands. By mid-1949 the Soviet Union had joined the "club", detonating its first A-bomb in a remote site.
_________________________
Click the images to view two important videos about our only home.
A Pale Blue Dot HOME

“Only when the last tree has died, the last river has been poisoned, and the last fish has been caught will we realize we cannot eat money.” Cree Proverb

My avatar Mr. Raven posed for me at the Tower of London.
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. summerhi 6/29/08 9:58 PM
HIll wrote:
>
> At some time recently, perhaps in moving from GE 4.1 to 4.2, coordinates
> of some US nuke placemarks got scrambled.

I found a cluster of your placemarks (Clean Slate I, II, III, & 57/1). They are about 100 miles SE of the proper location of these tests (near Antelope Lake and Silverbow Springs). This is the coordinates of the placemarks where they currently reside:

36°59'56.86"N, 114°59'56.95"W

This is just west of US 93 at the eastern edge of the Tonopah range). This is the rough center of the actual location of the Clean Slate tests:

37°46'9.81"N, 116°40'6.60"W

This is just east of the TTR target flight line... if you zoom in close enough you will see a series of round numbered circles -- targets used during bombing runs. You can verify
the location of these tests using this map of the Tonopah Test Range:

Clean Slate I, II & III
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. mefisto33 7/31/09 11:19 AM
Excelente recopilaciòn!!! Muchas gracias por compartilo!!!
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. Point Zéro Canopus - CEP 1/23/11 8:07 AM
Hello

I want to share this file with you.

http://www.point-zero-canopus.org/component/attachments/download/1

Lot of datas about French nuclear Tests in Mururoa.

++

Canopus
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Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. spacecowboy2006 1/24/11 8:31 PM
all that radioactive fallout has by now long since been distributed throughout the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrologic cycle. Nice hah
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Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. Carl Jr. 1/29/11 9:19 PM
These posts are scary; but informative!
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Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. lmctke 4/12/11 8:56 PM
I have done a lot of research on atomic testing, and I submit my geographic database to the Google Earth Community for your appreciation and enjoyment.

On it are noted the following:

- all the atomic detonations known to have occurred;

- a number of non-nuclear tests are included here, such as Skipper, Watusi, explosive digging tests on Buckboard Mesa, the Sailorhat series, and a series of "troublesome" chemical explosions that cause confusion in Semipalatinsk.

- the borders of the testing areas used by various countries: the US NNSS, the USSR's Semiplatinsk and Novaya Zemlya test areas, Britain's Maralinga test area in Australia, the test areas in France's Muroroa and Fangitaufa Islands, four areas in China's Lop Nor, and the Pokaran test area in India. These borders range from official (as in the case of the NNSS), following fences (some of the NNSS areas, and Maralinga), and strictly wild guesses (Lop Nor);

Drop lines from the test to the epicenter on the ground, where the test was at higher than ground level;

- crater rings which demonstrate the cratered area where known;

- in those places where more than 5 or so non-simultaneous detonations are marked at a single geographic spot (due to secrecy or just correct coordinates lost to time), I have drawn a box with all the icons in it with a leader to the point they are all reported at. That allows one to see the scale of operations that would otherwise be hidden;

- circled areas of interest, such as the U1a underground lab at the NNSS, tunnel entrances, the site of the controversial Divine Strake event, the locations of the three tests left hanging when the Comprehensive Test Ban was signed and so on. These are rather arbitrary and I invite additions;

- the descriptions available when clicking on the test icons include:
- Country, test series and name. For unnamed tests such as those in most of China, are named (&) where * is the serial number of the test.
- Date and time, correct to the value presented. For example, Gerboise Blanche's date/time is "1 Apr 1960 06:17:--" which is correct to the minute.
- Location. The test area, the name of the space within that area.
- Elevation of ground level at the test site.
- Height of the device relative to the local ground level.
- Delivery method: air drop, balloon, barge, tower, tunnel and shaft are some of the possibilities.
- Purpose is mainy weapons development, weapons effect, safety tests and industrial purposes of various kinds.
- Yield, the "consensus" value of the yield as given, or determined by seismic data.
- Venting, whether noted off site or on site, and the amount in curies.
- Device type and device, sometimes a pet name for the device in quotes, like the "runt"; any data associated with warhead or bomb models, and device code names, like piccolo and swallow.
- Notes about the test and its environment.

- The colors of the icons refer to a rough idea of what the test was. Orange is atmospheric (everything from cratering upwards) and purple is sub ground or water. Blue is a non-nuke or a zero-yield nuke (perhaps a primary fizzle or a hydronuclear test). The size of the icon indicates yield: < 20kt is small, >= 1 Mt is large.

The basis of the data in this database was derived from that of Dr. Wiiliam Robert Johnston at his website at www.johnstonsarchive.net. Considerable information was also gleaned from the Carey Sublette's www.nuclearweaponarchive.com, Gregory Walker's Trinity Atomic Website at www.abomb1.org, the FAS website, GlobalSecurity.com and minor information from lots of other places. I just obtained a copy of Chuck Hanson's book "US Nuclear Weapons - A Secret History" and will be gleaning data from it, no doubt.

I have, to the greatest extent possible, verified the information through Google Earth and other mapping websites. Tracking down and especially verifying the geography is difficult; a genuine success, such as with the Chinese 586 bomb or the French Gerbois Blanche were rewarding; hundreds of others are totally undocumented, as far as I can see; China in particular has supplied almost no official information. I have had access to no privileged information. There is much in the database that is taken on faith, though, and while I regret that, perfectionist that I am, I have to live with it. You can make an old man happy by going out to your local bomb test site and verifying it's exact location, and posting it here. I will, of course, update my database and this kmz file with what I learn.

Warning: do not pick up souvenirs while doing this unless you have a reliable Geiger Counter to vet them with. Please.

The locations are justified to the Google Earth images that are current today; in fact, I was notified of updates to the NNSS area a week ago, and found that registration changes due to the updates are not required. I do have the capability of accepting area shifts in the image registrations and incorporating them into the kmz so that the locations stay correct to the image, but the lat/lons in the kmz are necessarily meters off from true because of that. Google doesn't publish registration data, so the only hope of getting true coordinates would be in finding known registration points on the ground to work against. If anyone knows such in and around test areas, I'd be happy to learn of them.

In general, I solicit any and all suggestions, updates and data that apply, and even if they don't quite apply (the database that this comes from is larger than the data given herein). Particular buggaboos include all the un-assigned holes visible in the GZ area of Semipalatinsk, and the plans of tunnels in the Delegen Area of STS, In Ekker testing area in Algeria, those in the NZ Area B, and the Chinese Nanshan Area of Lop Nor.

(Please jump to this post for the latest version: http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showflat&Number=1419837#Post1419837 . Thank you.)
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. lmctke 4/24/11 12:24 PM
In the manner of Hill's pictures of atomic tests, I'll include here one of my favorites: the Huron King event. Part of the Tinderbox series of underground blasts at the NNSS in 1980, it was designed to examine the vulnerabilities of the Defense Meteorological Satellite -II, the satellite that kept defense people aware of the weather trends (and did somewhat more on the QT). They sealed a prototype DMSP-II into a vacuum housing and placed it over the top of the underground, 29kt weapon buried 1/2 mile down. A few microseconds after the blast, after the radiation had expended itself in the housing, a fast shutter closed to avoid the shock in the tube moving upwards, the connections were severed with the ground, and the whole shebang was towed remotely off the impending crater collapse, which happened about 5 seconds after the blast.



The satellite was recovered from the housing and sent to the Air Force for examination. The housing, with it's tractor treads, was left on the site, and is still there, rather folksy with the gabled shed tacked on the front and forlorn with its peeling paint.



This is Huron King some seconds after the blast. The housing has been remotely towed off to the upper right. Note the extensive cabling from the bomb and the science package attached to it, how it emerges from the well head and sinks into the crater with it. The cables are generally simply unplugged from the recording vans and dropped on the desert floor, to remain visible 40 years later.



The Huron King crater today. Note the housing, on the east lip of the crater (the pic above should be rotated about 40 degrees CW to match up north-south). A later shot on the east has re-arranged all the grading. There was no ethic of picking up after one's self at the NNSS.

Picture credits:
Wikimedia Commons, DoE
DoE
Google Earth
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. lmctke 5/13/11 1:05 AM
I have a new update of the nuclear testing kmz file. This version adds a number of additional areas of interest, as well as deleting the chemical tests that the US and the USSR have done. These are available in the Plowshare database, in the Plowshare thread of this forum: http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showflat&Number=1417312#Post1417312

The main new change is the addition of an overlay to show the layout of the C1a underground labs, known as the LYNER complex. This is a series of tunnels at the 352 meter underground level under C1a, in the southeast corner of Area 1 of the NNSS. All the subcritical testing currently being done (and having been done since the moratorium, excepting Unicorn) is done in the two "wings" of the LYNER. The west side wing is used by LANL, the east side by LLNL. The original idea was to dig a drift (a horizontal tunnel), and then dig alcoves for the experiments along the drift. The subcritical experiments, involving small amounts of explosives and uranium or plutonium, generally create a radioactive mess, so the alcove was then simply closed with the experiment and all the exposed electronics and sealed, and work went on to the next alcove. LLNL has been experimenting with a concept of an expendable steel bottle which can contain the explosion, and then simply be pushed to the back of the alcove, making room for the next bottle. In this way all 9 of the Oboe experiments were all contained in a single alcove, and the final piano test closed that alcove for good. This is much cheaper in terms of alcove drilling and prep and in electronics than the older method. LANL, for their part, is experimenting with drilling holes in the floor of the drift to place the tests in, with minimal electronics, called racklets, exposed to ruin.

Surprisingly (or not, depending on your outlook towards governmental secrecy), all these details are unclassified; they talk about them in some detail in their company newsletters and in PR flyers. The science of the experiments is discussed, but not, of course, the results. For the most part, these tests are exploring the physical structure of plutonium, trying to discover how aging affects the plutonium, to see how long we can expect a nuke to last in storage. This is somewhat euphemistically called stockpile stewardship.

I've updated the download; see the next post. This download was at the 304 count when demolished. The one above which was replaced by this one was at about the 600 downloads level when replaced.
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. lmctke 7/16/11 3:05 PM
I have been told by the management that the overlay depicting the tunnels of the U1a LYNER complex of the NNSS has gone astray. I've placed it on a spare URL that I happen to have, and updated the kmz file to point to that copy. Just in case that that file should go astray at some point in the future for whatever reason, I'm also making the overlay file a download in the next post (only one file allowed per post - boo!); you won't need to download it, however, unless it disappears in the future from my website. Should the area where the LYNER complex is in the NNSS show the large red X missing overlay icon, you can always download the graphic from the next post, place it on your hard drive, open the properties for Nuclear Testing Database -> U1 Tunnel Network Overlay -> U1a Tunnel Network (290m underground) and redirect the URL to your copy, the save the kmz. For example, if you downloaded the graphic and dropped it in the root of your c: partition, you would refer to it as "C:/U1a Map.png", using the filename I have given it.
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. lmctke 7/16/11 3:07 PM
This post has the graphics file for the LYNER complex tunnels, in case it is needed; see the post above this one.

Hmmmmmm.... Well, that didn't come out exactly the way I expected it to; I expected to see the URL rather than the graphic itself. However, no loss; just right click on it and select "Copy image location", open MS Paint (or other graphic editor of your choice), select Open, then Paste the URL into the open box. After the graphic appears in Paint, then select Save As and save it as a PNG file.
Re: Nuclear explosions - all 2000+ of them. Hill 7/29/11 7:40 AM
Only two nuclear bombs have been used as weapons - the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the end of WW II. These were quite "small" in relation to the thousands of others tested before the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty took effect.

There is an excellent and sobering post by Hidenori Watanave about the horrific effects of the Hiroshima bomb here.